Truly global, farm-targeted certification with high level of accessibility and applicability. Food safety and produce type specific adjustments lie at the core without compromising on environmental sustainability. This thorough, ladder-approach tool gives a leg-up even for the smallest of farms.

Description

GLOBALG.A.P. is a business-to-business standard for safe and sustainable food production providing certification for crops, livestock and aquaculture through its 16 standards. For producers who may not be able to meet GLOBAL.G.A.P criteria, a stepping-stone to certification is available through localg.a.p. GLOBAL.G.A.P also offers add-ons for those producers who want to upgrade their performance. An add-on was recently added for compliance with Coop’s Sustainable Water Management Program. Standard setting is done through collaboration between different committees with technical experts, stakeholders, certification bodies and GLOBALG.A.P board members and secretariat.

The GLOBALG.A.P. Integrated Farm Assurance (IFA) was updated in June 2016 and includes new and updated control points and compliance criteria on water. The first translations of IFA version 5 came out in November 2015. An integrity program which is made up of a certification integrity program monitoring and assessing the performance of its certification bodies and a database indexing all certified producers ensures transparency. GLOBALG.A.P also offers harmonization services by listing standards and schemes fully or partially conforming to GLOBAL.G.A.P certification. GLOBALG.A.P certifies over 400 products and more than 112,600 producers, spread across 100 plus countries as of December 2015.

Farming

Minor must:

Risk assessment conducted which identifies environmental impacts of water sources, distribution system, irrigation and crop washing usages, taking into account off-farm impacts where applicable. Water management plan that takes water supplies into account. Relevant permits for water extraction followed. Water supplies must also be accounted for in the wildlife management and conservation plan.

Recommended:

Actions and initiatives to enhance the environment for the benefit of local community and flora and fauna.

Major must:

Untreated sewage must not be used for irrigation/fertigation or other pre-harvest activities. The use of treated water or water from other sources (e.g. upstream village farmers) needs to comply with WHO water quality guidelines or local legislation. Frequent water testing and risk assessments need to be performed and corrective actions taken if necessary. There must be no microbial contamination of water used during harvest or cooling.

Minor must:

Irrigation requirements calculated based on e.g. rain and soil moisture data. A water management risk assessment performed, treating the environmental impact of irrigation usage. Records for crop irrigation/fertigation water usage and irrigation equipment maintained.

Minor must:

Recommendation on application of fertilizers should be provided by an external advisor. Trade name, type, concentration, quantity and application method should be recorded. Organic fertilizer need to have been subjected to a risk assessment before use, nutrient content and chemical content of inorganic fertilizers need to be documented. Storage separately from PPPs, in a covered, clean, dry area which minimizes risk of contamination of water sources. Equipment should be verified and calibrated.

Major must:

Fertilizers must not be stored with harvested products. Use of human sewage sludge (treated and untreated) avoided.

Minor must:

Integrated pest management systems should be implemented through training or advice. A written justification should be available for the use of soil fumigants. Anti-resistance recommendations must be followed. There should be a list of PPPs used on purchased propagation material. Safe storage must be ensured (e.g. facilities must be able to deal with spillage).

Major must:

Producers need to show evidence of preventative measures to control pests, monitoring and intervention activities (non-chemical approaches used where possible). At least two preventive actions should be implemented to minimize pesticide need. Targeted use of plant protection products (PPPs) in situations of pest attack. PPPs to be selected by qualified advisor and management techniques should be based on observation.

Minor must:

A wildlife management and conservation action plan must be in place, enhancing habitat and biodiversity on the farm through knowledge of integrated pest management practices, nutrient use of crops, conservation sites, water supplies, impact on other users etc.

Major must:

Mass balances and conversion ratios (input-output calculations of a certain production process) calculated and controlled.

Recommended:

Water collection and recycling recommended where commercially and practically feasible.

Minor must:

Energy use monitored.

Recommended:

Energy efficiency plan available, which considers minimizing use of non-renewable energy sources.

Minor must:

Risk assessment for hygiene and documented hygiene procedure that addresses identified risks. Farm workers should receive an annual hygiene training (mainly related to food safety). There should be clean toilet facilities nearby the workplace.

Major must:

Farm workers in direct contact with the crop must have access to hand-washing equipment and make use of it.

Minor must:

Water management plan covering impacts of farm activities on off-farm environments. Possible waste products and sources of pollution must be identified.

Recommended:

Waste water resulting from washing contaminated machinery, spray equipment, hydro-coolers and buildings should be safely collected and disposed of.

Minor must:

A soil management plan must consider the nutritional needs of crops and assure that soil fertility is maintained. This includes control practices to reduce the risk of erosion, e.g. mulching, cross line techniques on slopes, drains, sowing grass or green fertilizers, trees and bushes on borders of sites.

Minor must:

A soil management plan must consider the nutritional needs of crops and assure that soil fertility is maintained. This includes techniques to improve or maintain soil structure and avoid soil compaction, e.g. the use of deep-rooting green crops, drainage, sub soiling, low pressure tires, tramlines, permanent row marking, avoiding in-row plowing, smearing and poaching.

Minor must:

A soil management plan must consider the nutritional needs of crops and assure that soil fertility is maintained. The nutrient contribution of organic fertilizer application must be taken into account in order to avoid soil contamination.

Processing

Minor must:

Possible waste products and sources of pollution must be identified.

Recommended:

Waste water resulting from washing contaminated machinery, spray equipment, hydro-coolers and buildings should be safely collected and disposed of.

Minor must:

Farm waste management plan aimed to avoid and/or minimize wastage and pollution. Written procedures should be available for disposal of glass and plastic from produce handling and storage.

Major must:

The site should be kept in a tidy and orderly condition, and possible waste products and sources of pollution be identified.

Recommended:

Water collection and recycling recommended where commercially and practically feasible.

Minor must:

Energy use monitored.

Recommended:

Energy efficiency plan available, which considers minimizing use of non-renewable energy sources.

Minor must:

Risk assessment for hygiene and documented hygiene procedure that addresses identified risks. There should be clean toilet facilities nearby the workplace.

Recommended:

Energy efficiency plan that considers minimizing the use of non-renewable energy sources. Internal transport should be maintained to avoid produce contamination, especially in terms of fume emissions. Transport trolleys should be electric or gas-driven.

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