Social aspects and farm workers’ safety is the focus of this popular certification which covers the basic water requirements. Provides a minimum price giving the farmer financial stability and a social premium to be invested in the local community.
Fairtrade Standards are designed to tackle poverty and empower producers in the poorest countries in the world. Fairtrade Standards have two distinct sets of standards, one set for small producer organizations and one set for hired labor. In addition there are 20 product-specific standards for food products ranging from tea and coffee to fresh fruits and nuts. Fairtrade also offers certification for composite products that include at least 20% of Fairtrade certified ingredients. Fairtrade Standards also cover terms of trade.
Most products have a set Fairtrade Minimum Price, which is the minimum that must be paid to the producers. In addition producers get an additional sum, the Fairtrade Premium, to invest in their communities or businesses. Manufacturers, producers, traders, retailers can apply for using the Fairtrade Mark on products or for promotional purposes. Audits are conducted by FLOCERT which is Fairtrade’s independent certifier. Support to farmers who want to become certified is offered by locally based liaison officers who provide training, guidance on certification and facilitate relationships with buyers. Producers pay for auditing and re-inspection fees. The standards include both core requirements, which need to be fulfilled before certification as well as development requirements that are added gradually to ensure improvements over time. Fairtrade currently operates in 24 countries and has certified 1210 producer organisations representing over 1.4 million farmers in 74 countries.
Water sources used by the farm should be listed. Knowledge about the water situation in the area one is operating. If local authorities regard the water sources as degraded or subjected to excessive pressure one must engage in dialogue and joint solution finding.
Application of fertilizer should be adjusted to nutrient needs of crops.
Integrated pest management (IPM) should be implemented. Handling spills, forbidden to spray pesticides close to or above water sources also included. Fertilizers should be stored separately from pesticides to prevent them mixing and hence polluting waterways.
Avoiding negative impacts on protected / sensitive areas within and beyond the fence line. Protect and promote biodiversity by maintaining or restoring natural ecosystems adjacent to rivers – free to choose measures.
Calculate the amount of water needed for crops and implement measures of reuse if possible.
Processing plants that use fossil fuels must take steps towards energy efficiency and renewable energy sources.
Drinking water, sanitation, washing facilities should be available for employees.
Land in risk of erosion should be mapped and measures to reduce erosion risk in these areas taken.
Wastewater from the central processing facilities should be managed in a way that does not have negative impact on water quality. The farm may set up a plan to monitor the water quality, but this is no requirement.